What is a Neurosurgeon?

A neurosurgeon specializes in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disorders of the central and peripheral nervous systems, including congenital anomalies, trauma, tumors, vascular disorders, and infections There are a number of ways to become a neurosurgeon, including surgical training in the brain or spine, stroke, or degenerative diseases of the spine.

  • University or college premedical education for four years
  • Four years of medical school resulting in an M.D. or D.O. degree
  • One year internship in general surgery
  • Five to seven years in a neurosurgery residency program
  • Some neurosurgeons complete a fellowship after residency to specialize in a particular area
  • Continuing education — annual meetings, conferences, scientific journals, research — to keep up with advances made in the complex field of neurosurgery

The Central Nervous System and the Peripheral Nervous System

  • Nerves and cells of the nervous system transmit messages between the brain and spinal cord, as well as to various body parts, including the sensory organs, arms, hands, legs, and feet.

How Do Neurologists Work?

There are several types of neurological disorders that neurologists treat including stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, Lou Gehrig’s disease, epilepsy, headache disorders, and infections of the brain and peripheral nervous system.The neurosurgeon performs surgery, while the neurosurgeon works closely with neurologists.

How Does Neuromedicine Work?

Neuromedicine describes a practice at Highland Hospital where neurosurgeons, neurologists, and other medical professionals work together to provide comprehensive inpatient care for patients with complex neurological disorders.

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