The Purpose of Discectomy, Post-Operative Pain Management & Rehabilitation

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Discectomy is surgery to remove lumbar (low back) herniated disc material that is pressing on a nerve root or the spinal cord. It tends to be done as microdiscectomy, which uses a special microscope to view the disc and nerves. This larger view allows the surgeon to use a smaller cut (incision).

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Herniated discs are often diagnosed in people between 30 and 50 years of age and are twice as common among males than females[i]. Discectomy involves removing the herniated disc from the spine.

This article describes what a discectomy is and why it is performed in more detail. We will also discuss how physical therapy can benefit patients after discectomy, helping to manage postoperative pain and improve function and mobility.

How does a discectomy work?

The discectomy is a surgical procedure that can address any issues associated with a herniated disc pressing on the spinal cord or nerve root that leads to the spinal cord, including pain, numbness, and changes in sensation.

The natural result of aging is the degeneration of discs in the spine, leading to more susceptibility to herniation. People with a herniated disc often experience numbness and weakness alongside lower back pain. Treatment with medication or rest is considered if conservative treatment does not relieve symptoms.

Dissections may be performed in a number of ways, but minimally invasive procedures have been shown to reduce hospital stays and postoperative pain[ii]. However, your doctor will determine the most appropriate surgical technique for you.

An open discectomy, for example, involves removing the affected disc, leaving the surrounding bones, muscles, and soft tissues intact. Minimally invasive discectomy, on the other hand, leaves the surrounding bones, muscles, and soft tissues intact.

An open discectomy, for example, involves removing the affected disc, leaving the surrounding bones, muscles, and soft tissues intact. Minimally invasive discectomy, on the other hand, leaves the surrounding bones, muscles, and soft tissues intact.

Introduction to Spine Anatomy

Stacking 24 different bones, called vertebrae, together makes up the spine. Vertebrae are connected by intervertebral discs, which function as shock absorbers and maintain adequate space for spinal nerves to exit the vertebral column. There are two main components in intervertebral discs: annulus fibrosus and nucleus pulposus. The annulus fibrosus takes the form of the tough outer layer of the disc while the nucleus pulpous takes the form of its jelly-like interior. This function is primarily accomplished by the nucleus pulposus, which is jelly-like in nature, while the annulus fibrosis works to maintain the nucleus pulposus centered in the disc.

The advantages and disadvantages of back surgery : Explained by brain tumor surgeon Dr.Kalyan Bommakanti, M.Ch

Disc herniations are caused by a rupture or tear in the annulus fibrosis of the disc, causing the nucleus pulposus to bulge out of the disc. This bulging of the nucleus may result in pain, weakness or changes in sensation if the pressure is placed on the spinal cord. In order to relieve the pressure on these structures and address the symptoms that are being experienced, a discectomy can be performed to remove the herniated disc.

Dr.Kalyan Bommkanti is one of the best neurosurgeons in hyderabad and is also one of the best
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He consults and operates at: (For appointment WhatsApp on 8520003683)
Global Gleneagles hospital,Lakdikapul, Hyderabad.
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Kalyan’s Neuro and Spine clinic, Kharkhana, Secunderabad.
Shenoy hospital, East Marredpally, Hyderabad.
Prasad Hospitals, Nacharam, Hyderabad.

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